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    測量應用案例-20201206

    發布時間:2020-12-18  點擊次數:55  新聞來源:
     
    文獻名: Production and characterization of lignin containing nanocellulose from luffa through an acidic deep eutectic solvent treatment and systematic fractionation
     
     
    作者: Shu Hongab,Yandan Songa, Yang Yuana, Hailan Liana, Henrikki Liimatainenb
    a
    College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, China
    b
    Fibre and Particle Engineering Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, FI-90014, Finland
     
     
    摘要:In this study, lignin and hemicelluloses were partially separated from non-wood biomass of luffa sponge using an acidic deep eutectic solvent (ADES) composed of choline chloride and oxalic acid dihydrate, and the obtained cellulose-rich residue was further disintegrated into lignin containing cellulose nanocrystal (OA-CNC) and nanofiber (OA-CNF) fractions with a two-step ultrasonication treatment. The ADES had a dual purpose: to produce fractions of biomass and to accelerate the nanofibrillation of cellulose. Under optimal reaction conditions (at 90?°C for 150?min), solid fractions with cellulose content of 76.4?wt% (initially 51.8?wt%) and residual lignin content of 10.7?wt% (initially 17.8?wt%) were achieved. Ultrasonication resulted in lignin containing nanocelluloses with a high total yield (59.1?wt% vs. 50.5?wt% from reference 60% sulfuric acid hydrolysis). They consisted mainly of elongated cellulose nanofibers (OA-CNF) with an average diameter of 28?nm. The OA-CNF were further converted to flexible and foldable self-standing films with tensile strength of 134?MPa and elongation at break of 10.6%. This simplified method also presents great potential for using biomass waste (e.g., wheat straw, branches, and sawdust) to produce lignin containing nanocellulose.
     
     
     
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